In Lanehart, Sonja. A minority of linguists, 263 contrarily, propose that aave mostly traces back to African languages spoken by the slaves who had to develop a pidgin or Creole English to communicate with slaves of other ethnic and linguistic origins. Doi :.1016/B /00644-1. Phonological variation affects the inventory of phonemes (i.e. Middle English is often arbitrarily defined as beginning with the conquest of England by William the Conqueror in 1066, but it developed further in the period from 12001450. "Chapter 17: English phonology and morphology". Regardless of length, an NP functions as a syntactic unit. Many other worldwide international organisations, including the International Olympic Committee, specify English as a working language or official language of the organisation. The phrase then functions as a single predicate. English later became more important and widespread during American rule between 18, and remains an official language of the Philippines. "Chapter7: English in Britain". For example, the word bite was originally pronounced as the word beet is today, and the second vowel in the word about was pronounced as the word boot is today. For example, in the phrases the slender boy, and many slender girls, the adjective slender does not change form to agree with either the number or gender of the noun. English is not mutually intelligible with any continental Germanic language, differing in vocabulary, syntax, and phonology, although some of these, such as Dutch or Frisian, do show strong affinities with English, especially with its earlier stages. Such instruction greatly reduces the risk of children experiencing reading difficulties in English. Introduction to Early Modern English. Most phonological differences from RP are in the vowels. While the European Union (EU) allows member states to designate any of the national languages as an official language of the Union, in practice English is the main working language of EU organisations. Phonology Main article: English phonology The phonetics and phonology of the English language differ from one dialect to another, usually without interfering with mutual communication. (2003) First published 1981.